A Guide to Kingpin Replacement

A Guide to Kingpin Replacement

Trailer kingpins are crucial to smooth operation and secure tractor/trailer couplings. They should deliver exceptional strength, balance, and wear resistance for miles. However, there will come a time when repair or replacement is necessary. 

Here’s what you need to know about the kingpin replacement process.

How to Tell If Your Kingpin Needs Replacing

The most common signs of a faulty kingpin are:

  • Difficulty coupling
  • Difficulty uncoupling
  • Worn down throat (see Item 1 in this document)
  • Worn down shoulder (see Item 2 in this document)
  • Premature wear from lack of lubrication

It’s also important to understand that aggressive, non-compliant coupling attempts may bend or damage kingpins. If you have not followed standard coupling protocols, your kingpin may be in poor condition. 

How to Inspect a Kingpin for Replacement

Kingpin inspection is fairly uniform. Kingpins are built to SAE dimensional standards. Reference linked JOST document LT_KZ003-00_A. Kingpin replacement procedures vary from vehicle to vehicle. You can reference TMC RMP-750 to determine how to best inspect your kingpin and upper coupler. 

Bolt-in upper couplers are most common on tank trailers, while most van and flatbed trailers have fabricated structures, including kingpins and upper couplers. Regardless, here are the steps you’ll loosely want to follow: 

  1. Cut out the upper coupler plate welds
  2. Cut the kingpin from the cross member structure
  3. Remove any bent or corroded cross members

At a minimum, a damaged, worn, or warped upper coupler plate and kingpin will need to be replaced.

How Long Does It Take to Replace a Kingpin?

You might be wondering how long your trailer will have to be in the shop for a kingpin replacement. This depends on your upper coupler’s design and the extent of the upper coupler structure damage or corrosion. 

A bolt-up upper coupler and kingpin can be replaced within just two hours, while a fabricated upper coupler plate may take up to eight hours of labor. These timelines may be extended to a few days in severe cases involving structural cross members and floor structure. 

How Much Does It Cost to Replace a Kingpin?

The cost of kingpin replacement can also vary based on a number of factors. You’ll want to consider things like: 

  • The extent of structural fatigue or wear 
  • Your trailer’s OEM upper coupler design complexity
  • The cost of service and installation, plus the replacement part itself

Keep in mind that the replacement cost is well worth it for a high-quality kingpin replacement. Find a manufacturer that promises quality, so you can get longer-lasting value and minimize damage in the long run. 

Trust JOST International for Steel-Forged, High-Strength Kingpins

For quality, strength, and safety, choose JOST. JOST kingpins have proven themselves mile after mile, all across the world. They’re steel forged, offering outstanding wear and impact resistance. Find a dealer near you.

What is a Kingpin on a Semi?

What is a Kingpin on a Semi?

Whether you’re new to coupling trailers or you’re just trying to get a handle on all of the technical part names, the JOST team is here to provide all the information you need around fifth wheels and industrial transportation.

In this article, we’re discussing the basics of kingpins for semi trucks. Here’s everything you need to know about what a kingpin is and what it does.

What is a Kingpin?


Frequently referred to as the “pivot point between the tractor and semi-trailer,” the kingpin is the part used to connect a semi-tractor and a semi-trailer. A kingpin may resemble any of the above images but always shares a few key features:

  • A welded side. One side of the kingpin is always welded to the semi-trailer. This is why kingpins are often considered a “trailer solution” rather than a “truck solution.” They are always fixed to the trailer and then coupled with the tractor using a fifth wheel coupling device.
  • A tapered section. Every kingpin has a tapered section that is narrower in width than the sections above and below it. This is where the fifth wheel locks around the kingpin to provide a secure coupling. By making the areas above and below the tapered area wider, manufacturers ensure another layer of protection, minimizing the potential that a kingpin could slip out of a fifth wheel’s coupling mechanism.

What Does a Kingpin Do?

This small but mighty part comes in a variety of shapes and sizes, but works to do one thing: connect the semi-truck and trailer.

In addition to that primary function, a kingpin is also responsible (in partnership with the larger fifth wheel) for the steering and handling of the coupled rig. When properly coupled, the kingpin keeps the trailer and tractor together while allowing the tractor to turn and pivot around its fixed point, ensuring semi trucks are able to transport product with ease.

What Should I Look For in a Good Kingpin?

If you’re in the market for a new kingpin, you might be wondering how you decide from all the different kingpin types and manufacturers. Here are 3 key things to look for when purchasing a kingpin you can trust to keep you safe for years to come.

01. Durability

A kingpin is only as good as its lifespan. This is an integral component for any rig, and should the kingpin fail, your trailer cannot move. That’s why it’s important to look for a kingpin with proven durability. To assess this, evaluate:

  • Manufacturing materials. What is the kingpin made out of? A kingpin made from high-quality steel is likely to last significantly longer than a kingpin manufactured with poor-quality materials.
  • Manufacturing methods. We’ll talk more about manufacturing requirements and standards below, but how a product is manufactured can tell you a lot about how it will perform. Choose kingpins from manufacturers with safe, reliable manufacturing standards and safety requirements.
  • Manufacturer standards and warranties. Does the manufacturer stand behind its product with a warranty or stringent manufacturing standards? If not, you may have a problem finding a kingpin that can stand up to long hours of wear and tear on the road.

02. Safety

Perhaps the most important feature of any kingpin is its ability to keep the operator and the rig safe. Choose kingpins from reputable manufacturers with a long track record of safe manufacturing practices. Quality manufacturers will be happy to provide you with the information you need to verify the safety of their products.

03. Local Standard Compliance

Every trailer OEM has its own international standards. Your trailer must meet those standards to ensure safe, compliant hauling in your area. To ensure you’re in compliance, first find a manufacturer that produces kingpins according to your local standards, and then verify their compliance. A great manufacturer will prove with data how their kingpins meet established performance requirements.

If you’re not sure what standards to look to, the most popular standard compliance requirements in North America include:

  • SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) specification for dimensions, materials, and installation).
  • AAR (Association of American Railroads) specification for SAE dimensions and greater installation, structure, and material strength/wear specifications.
  • TMC (American Trucking Association — Technology and Maintenance Council) RMP-750 – kingpin and upper coupler inspection for deformation and wear replacement standards.

Safe hauling starts with safe parts. And no one manufactures for safety better than JOST international. If you’re looking for a superior kingpin from an industry-leading manufacturer, JOST can help. Our kingpins meet or exceed international standards for OEMs and fleet use in North America and internationally.